Doing the uneasy thing

When stress hits it’s easy to shut down. It’s easy to tune things out, to burn out, to shrink down. When uncertainty grows, it’s easy to focus on short-term tactics, to discount the future, to lose energy. What’s up with that?

To be clear, genuine uncertainty does require non-standard investment in future plans. If you have no way of knowing what direction the ship will turn then you have to do the strange thing and be somewhat prepared for both. That can be easy when the foundation remains solid, either direction, but when turning left is a world of heavy, dark seas and turning right is suddenly becoming, I dunno, a talk show host, well, then hedged plans are hard to build.

But what’s interesting to me is that when we’re placed in these kinds of situations it becomes easy to do just the easy things. When the world is pitching, you just want to grab ahold of the most stable ground, right at your feet, and hold on for dear life.

It strikes me as a sign of someone who’s really good at seeking opportunity that they might not have those tendencies. When the world turns, they dive in and turn with it. They figure out how to land on their feet no matter what eventuality arises. And then they end up 10 steps ahead of every person who turned inward.

How do you choose to do the uneasy thing? I’ve written before about the cost and necessity of getting good at reorientation. I think that’s about the same here as well.

Someone who’s totally prepared to handle the world in crisis has probably got their options laid out in front of them well before that crisis hits. They don’t get stuck doing easy things because they can take a mental inventory and outline all of their goals and half-implemented, potential plans in maybe 10 minutes. They’re reviewing the stuff they’ve already written down and put on the back-burner.

I’m inspired, as usual lately, by GTD-like systems. They obviously will help with practicing in capturing mental inventories and structuring and laying projects and opportunities. It’s easy to reconfigure when you’ve got a list of your 100 current priorities that you can just run down and re-order to account for your new context. There’s an enormous amount of future self-gratitude locked away in things like Someday/Maybe lists—if your whole world shifts, then these things may be exactly how you can find your focus.

So that’s my best guess as to how you keep doing uneasy things when surviving change. You probably have to have already known what they were. Not just the things you’re spending energy on today but also some sense of the potential future projects which aren’t quite right to start. If all of that is at your fingertips then ”riding the storm” can be as easy as shuffling some files and designing a new set of next actions.


Let’s say we can neatly divide the world into two groups: people who have problems and people who have solutions. Commerce happens because people who have solutions offer those solutions to the people with the appropriate problems.

There’s a matching problem. Not all problems have solutions. Not all solutions apply to any given problem. Just because you have a problem doesn’t mean it’s going to be solved. Just because you have a solution doesn’t mean it’s of any value.

There’s an interesting pathology that floats about that last point though. I call it "solutionism".

Being a problem solver is empowering

A lot of people spend their entire lives preparing to be the sort who offers solutions. In a lot of senses, that’s what a lot of the focus of education in the US is all about. You take a class to learn a skill which has—historically—been of use in generating solutions for folks.

There’s an empowering narrative sitting behind this. You learn a skill and then are, as a consequence, more valuable. People who learn particularly challenging skills or skills at particularly high levels are thought to have acquired the most value. There’s a pride to this, those who obtain excellence in the most difficult of skills presume that they have the capacity to offer the most valuable solutions to the biggest problems.

Generally, you can find places where this narrative is supported. For instance, a very skillful accountant can find numerous ways to offer their skills as solutions to problems in the operation of a business, a government, or even an individual’s life. A very skillful doctor can be employed at hospitals around the country or world, solving the problems of their patients.

In practice, skill is valuable when the "problem havers" have a very well-developed sense of their needs. There’s been a lot of work done to make the need concrete, transactional, well-scoped. The very fine question has been asked and is just in need of someone with the answer.

Field of Dreams was dead wrong

Solutionism is the stance that occurs when empowered solution-havers think that possession of a solution is enough. It’s the feeling of having a swiss army knife of answers and, subsequently, the hard-earned right to take over the world.

"If you build it they will come…"

It turns out that this is just plain false. It’s very exciting, very gratifying, but just plain false. If you build it "they" almost certainly will not come. In practice, even if they already have those very fine questions and a fantastic sense for their own needs, you’ve still only just begun when you offer the solution.

In so many interesting cases, the people who you can ultimately serve with your skills haven’t even begun to understand their needs, their problems.

Solutionism is the hubris of believing that the empowerment of skill earns you the right to successfully solve the problems of your clients. You’ve won the game of commerce because you brought the most interesting toys.

What-ing before how-ing

Above I made this all sound very grandiose, but it’s also something that plays out in nearly every plan ever made. Let’s say you want to build a boat.

Okay, so you’re going to need wood, and perhaps a workshop. Probably to employ someone with expertise in woodworking… and boats! Do we have to build the engine, too? Now this is feeling very overwhelming, but surely there are people out there with those skills as well?

Concrete ideas are easy. There’s a certain kind of anxiety that’s soothed by talking about them, getting tangible. And, to be clear, that’s all a good thing. Without getting real there’d never be any forward motion.

But we also didn’t even think about what kind of boat we wanted, or why we really wanted it. Maybe if we really got down to it all we even wanted was a toy boat. How often does the whole process of planning and getting excited get derailed by the hows of the situation before the whats are even understood?

"If I had asked people what they wanted, they would have said faster horses…"

Don’t listen to people talk about their faster horses, listen to them complain about getting to places slowly. About dealing with all the excrement.


The opposite of solutionism, as a provider seeking to do commerce by solving people’s problems, is service. It’s the humbling work of asking someone what’s wrong… and listening. You make their needs the center of your universe. You toss out all your shiny toys and go in with a different sort of skill: empathy.

The key skills in listening are being vulnerable and asking questions. It sounds like I’m talking about being a good friend now, not "commerce", but it’s the same idea. Offering service to someone begins wherever they are.

So, perhaps we’d call this Problemism—the opposite approach.


If solutionism doesn’t work, does problemism? Well, no. Just knowing someone’s problems is not the same as resolving them.

If you come bearing only solutions then you will fail because you’ve presupposed too much and left so much of the burden of service on those you would seek to help. If you come only listening to problems, you’ll become a compatriot, but one without much to offer.

To maximize the chances of succes, you really want to approach from both sides at once. You want to be a really, really resourceful compatriot.

Imagine a vast, dark forest where on one side are all the hows and on the other all the whats and whys. Study of solutions, acquisiton of skills and experience, is the process of mapping out the forest starting from the hows. Empathetic understanding of the problems of people is building the map starting on the side of the whats. In such a twisted forest with so many false turns and dead ends, you’ll maximize your chances of crossing by having both of those maps and comparing notes.

The resourceful compatriot

To really solve people’s problems, focus on serving them. Get close, understand the need and respect it. But be resourceful, have many senses for how to make things better.

In the setting of a company, be aware of your assumptions and act to invalidate them. Be flexible to opportunities that may arise and create exposure and vulnerability so that they don’t pass by. But also be practiced and prepared and guide people’s sense of their problems toward the forest paths you know well.


Oh how I loathe the term: capital-A-Agile.

It’s a common refrain. Software is difficult, teams are tough, projects change, companies learn, clients don’t know what they want, nobody knows what they want.

Oh, but they do know that they want it in 6 weeks. What do you do?

The obvious thing was to write out a detailed 6 week plan which captured all of the needs of the project, minimized known risks, delivered confidence that the project would succeed, and delivered success at rates only slightly higher than chance.

Agile was a breath of fresh air which came mixed in with other revolutions like Extreme Programming and Cynefin. The Agile Manifesto was written and essentially told people to embrace uncertainty through practices which supported change. If the 4 lines of the Manifesto are too much, I’ve also enjoyed hearing it digested into “Prefer small, reversible decisions”. Perfect.

But now it’s all fashion and no passion, baby!

Or, more specifically, you can’t throw a stone in an engineering department without hitting someone talking about how you should convert all your team processes to Scrum. Or maybe you already did, but they’re telling you how you’re doing it wrong. There are enough stones for all flavors here.

They’re not wrong. Agile isn’t wrong. But it’s all oh-so-wrong. Scrum or Kanban (or 6σ) will never save you.

What it’s all about

Fundamentally, you’ll never make change by pushing process. You get leverage when you change principles, when you change values.

Practices and processes can be a mechanism for training a team, but the irony is that you have to be completely self-aware about that fact. If we’re going to pull a Wittgenstein and throw away the ladder we’ve climbed, then we need to be aware that the ladder is immaterial.

Let me be more concrete. If you’re a team lead or lead of leads and you want to teach your teams to be more agile, then you should have a plan in place Day 1 for when you teach people to abandon the very practices they’re learning.

Because what Agile is all about is agility and agility is all about deliberate, focused, optimized change.

Learning to change

I already linked my past post on reorientation above but let me do it again. Agile is about agility is about change. Change is painful and scary and difficult unless you own it and practice it.

Why do people “prefer small, reversible decisions”? Because they’re cheaper to change. That’s an adaptive behavior for people who practice change enough that they can live and thrive in dynamic environments. A team that really embodies is a whole different animal.

But if practices don’t make change, then what does?

In my opinion, practice does.

Next time you’ve got free time with your team (or yourself) consider spending that time running an intentionally chaotic project as opposed to cleaning up some tech debt (though that’s good too). Treat it as practice to work with an awful client who changes horses like they have a problem with funk. Maybe simulate that customer yourself.

Reflection and growth

And then for f’s sake do and get good at retrospection. Retrospectives are again a practice, so instead ask

How good are we at seeing ourselves for who we are, for how we are embedded in reality, and for understanding the gap between what happens and what we desire?

Are you good at listening to your own emotions? Your own intuition? Are you good at contextualizing and disregarding those admonitions if they don’t line up with the reality you desire? Is your team good at that? Do they know how to talk about this stuff?

And here I’ll say that sitting down regularly and making time for this—sure, call it a retro—is a smart, smart move. It takes time, it takes practice, and since retrospection is itself the engine of deliberate improvement… well it all gets very meta and very, very important.

Take two and call me in the morning

So here I contain multitudes. I’m very eager to get teams up and running on basic life- and work-improvement processes be they Scrum or Kanban or Whatever-Our-Internal-Bastardized-Agile-Process is. I’m also very eager to tear it all down and start fresh. Actually, even better, I’m very eager to set in motion the machine that will tear down every process you throw at it and start fresh. I’m very eager to ask that machine to go to work on itself.

And I’m very eager to understand, with an actual group of people living and sweating and practicing together, what kinds of behaviors and beliefs and emotions and 100% organic practices make (local) sense.

That’s what I think agility feels like. Now let’s chat about that project you need in 6 weeks.